Interaction of G(sα) with the cytosolic domains of mammalian adenylyl cyclase

Roger K. Sunahara, Carmen W. Dessauer, Richard E. Whisnant, Christiane Kleuss, Alfred G. Gilman

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154 Scopus citations

Abstract

Forskolin- and G(sα)-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity is observed after mixture of two independently-synthesized ~25-kDa cytosolic fragments derived from mammalian adenylyl cyclases (native M(r) ~ 120,000). The C(1a) domain from type V adenylyl cyclase (VC1) and the C2 domain from type II adenylyl cyclase (IIC2) can both be expressed in large quantities and purified to homogeneity. When mixed, their maximally stimulated specific activity, 150 μmol/min/mg protein, substantially exceeds values observed previously with the intact enzyme. A soluble, high-affinity complex containing one molecule each of VC1, IIC2, and guanosine 5'-O-(3-thio- triphosphate) (GTPγS)-G(sα) is responsible for the observed enzymatic activity and can be isolated. In addition, GTPγS-G(sα) interacts with homodimers of IIC2 to form a heterodimeric complex (one molecule each of G(sα) and IIC2) but not detectably with homodimers of VC1. Nevertheless, G(sα) can be cross-linked to VC1 in the activated heterotrimeric complex of VC1, IIC2, and G(sα), indicating its proximity to both components of the enzyme that are required for efficient catalysis. These results and those in the accompanying report (Dessauer, C. W., Scully, T. T., and Gilman, A. G. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 22272-22277) suggest that activators of adenylyl cyclase facilitate formation of a single, high-activity catalytic site at the interface between C1 and C2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22265-22271
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 29 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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