Interactive or static reports to guide clinical interpretation of cancer genomics

Stacy W. Gray, Jeffrey Gagan, Ethan Cerami, Angel M. Cronin, Hajime Uno, Nelly Oliver, Carol Lowenstein, Ruth Lederman, Anna Revette, Aaron Suarez, Charlotte Lee, Jordan Bryan, Lynette Sholl, Eliezer M. Van Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Misinterpretation of complex genomic data presents a major challenge in the implementation of precision oncology. We sought to determine whether interactive genomic reports with embedded clinician education and optimized data visualization improved genomic data interpretation. Materials and Methods: We conducted a randomized, vignette-based survey study to determine whether exposure to interactive reports for a somatic gene panel, as compared to static reports, improves physicians' genomic comprehension and report-related satisfaction (overall scores calculated across 3 vignettes, range 0-18 and 1-4, respectively, higher score corresponding with improved endpoints). Results: One hundred and five physicians at a tertiary cancer center participated (29% participation rate): 67% medical, 20% pediatric, 7% radiation, and 7% surgical oncology; 37% female. Prior to viewing the case-based vignettes, 34% of the physicians reported difficulty making treatment recommendations based on the standard static report. After vignette/report exposure, physicians' overall comprehension scores did not differ by report type (mean score: interactive 11.6 vs static 10.5, difference=1.1, 95% CI, -0.3, 2.5, P=.13). However, physicians exposed to the interactive report were more likely to correctly assess sequencing quality (P < .001) and understand when reports needed to be interpreted with caution (eg, low tumor purity; P=.02). Overall satisfaction scores were higher in the interactive group (mean score 2.5 vs 2.1, difference=0.4, 95% CI, 0.2-0.7, P=.001). Discussion and Conclusion: Interactive genomic reports may improve physicians' ability to accurately assess genomic data and increase report-related satisfaction. Additional research in users' genomic needs and efforts to integrate interactive reports into electronic health records may facilitate the implementation of precision oncology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-464
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Genetics
  • Implementation
  • Pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Interactive or static reports to guide clinical interpretation of cancer genomics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gray, S. W., Gagan, J., Cerami, E., Cronin, A. M., Uno, H., Oliver, N., Lowenstein, C., Lederman, R., Revette, A., Suarez, A., Lee, C., Bryan, J., Sholl, L., & Van Allen, E. M. (2018). Interactive or static reports to guide clinical interpretation of cancer genomics. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 25(5), 458-464. https://doi.org/10.1093/JAMIA/OCX150