Early after stroke, there is loss of intracortical facilitation (ICF) and increase in short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) in the primary motor cortex (M1) contralateral to a cerebellar infarct. Our goal was to investigate intracortical M1 function in the chronic stage following cerebellar infarcts (>4 months). We measured resting motor threshold (rMT), SICI, ICF, and ratios between motor-evoked potential amplitudes (MEP) and supramaximal M response amplitudes (MEP/M; %), after transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied to the M1 contralateral (M1contralesional) and ipsilateral (M1 ipsilesional) to the cerebellar infarct in patients and to both M1s of healthy age-matched volunteers. SICI was decreased in M1 contralesional compared to M1ipsilesional in the patient group in the absence of side-to-side differences in controls. There were no significant interhemispheric or between-group differences in rMT, ICF, or MEP/M (%). Our results document disinhibition of M1contralesional in the chronic phase after cerebellar stroke.
- Cerebellar disease
- Paired pulse
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology