Intermediate-dose intravenous methotrexate with intravenous mercaptopurine is superior to repetitive low-dose oral methotrexate with intravenous mercaptopurine for children with lower-risk B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A pediatric oncology group phase III trial

Donald H. Mahoney, Jonathan Shuster, Ruprecht Nitschke, Stephen J. Lauer, Naomi Winick, C. Philip Steuber, Bruce Camitta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether early intensification with 12 courses of intravenous methotrexate and intravenous mercaptopurine (IVMTX/IVMP) is superior to 12 courses of repetitive, low-dose oral MTX with IV MP (LDMTX/IVMP) for prevention of relapse in children with lower-risk B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Patients and Methods: Seven hundred nine patients were entered onto the study. Vincristine, prednisone, and asparaginase were used for remission induction. Patients were randomized to receive intensification with either IVMTX 1,000 mg/m2 plus IVMP 1,000 mg/m2 (regimen A) or LDMTX 30 mg/m2 every 6 hours for six doses with IVMP 1,000 mg/m2 (regimen B). Twelve courses were administered at 2-week intervals. Triple intrathecal therapy (TIT) was used for CNS prophylaxis. Continuation therapy included standard oral MP, weekly MTX, and TIT every 12 weeks for 2 years. Results: Six hundred ninety-nine (99%) patients achieved remission. Three hundred forty-nine were assigned to regimen A and 350 to regimen B. The estimated 4-year continuous complete remission (CCR) rate far patients treated with regimen A is 80.3% (SE= 2.9%) and with regimen B is 75.9% (SE= 3.1%). By log-rank analysis, regimen A demonstrated superior CCR (P = .013. Transient neutropenia/thrombocytopenia, bacterial sepsis, neurotoxicity, stomatitis, and hospitalizations were more frequent among patients treated on regimen A. Conclusion: Intensification with IVMTX/IVMP is more effective than LDMTX/IVMP for prevention of relapse in children with B-precursor ALL at lower risk for relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-254
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intermediate-dose intravenous methotrexate with intravenous mercaptopurine is superior to repetitive low-dose oral methotrexate with intravenous mercaptopurine for children with lower-risk B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A pediatric oncology group phase III trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this