Interphasezytogenetik mit DNA-sonden für chromosom 8 zur detektion zirkulierender tumorzellen beim mammakarzinom

Translated title of the contribution: Interphase cytogenetics with DNA-probes for chromosome 8 to detect circulating tumor cells in breast cancer patients

B. M. Ghadimi, J. Uhr, Th Tucker, K. Heselmeyer-Haddad, G. Auer, Th Ried, H. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The detection of micrometastases in the bone marrow or peripheral blood of cancer patients is increasingly used for a more sensitive tumor staging and prognostication. The potential value of the currently used techniques for the detection of epithelial antigens by RT-PCR or immunohistochemistry in respect of specificity is currently controversially discussed. In the present study we demonstrate a new approach which enables the direct visualization of the tumor specific alteration of chromosome 8 in circulating tumor cells. We have therefore studied breast cancer patients with various tumor stages and tried to determine the frequency of circulating tumor cells in the peripheral blood by using interphase cytogenetics for chromosome 7 and 8. Imprints of primary breast cancers and cytospins with circulating tumor cells of corresponding patients were studied in a blinded fashion. The blood samples were generated by immunomagnetic enrichment of circulating tumor cells from peripheral blood by ferrofluid and centrifugation onto cover slips. These cytospins were then hybridized with centromer probes 7 and 8. After analyzing 27 patients with benign as well as malignant breast tumors we can demonstrate that the chromosomal pattern between malignant tumor and corresponding circulating tumor cells is identical. Furthermore, the detection of circulating tumor cells directly correlates with the primary tumor stage. We did not find any cells with chromosome 8 alterations in the patients with benign disease. Surprisingly, even in early breast cancers (T1 NO) interphase cytogenetics identified circulating tumor cells in 2 out of 4 patients. In conclusion, interphase cytogenetics represent a non-invasive, sensitive and specific assay for the direct visualization of circulating tumor cells in the peripheral blood. The prognostic value of these findings remains to be further evaluated in larger prospective studies.

Translated title of the contributionInterphase cytogenetics with DNA-probes for chromosome 8 to detect circulating tumor cells in breast cancer patients
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)922-925
Number of pages4
JournalZentralblatt fur Chirurgie
Volume126
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 29 2001

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Chromosome 8
  • Interphase cytogenetics
  • Micrometastases
  • Tumorstaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Ghadimi, B. M., Uhr, J., Tucker, T., Heselmeyer-Haddad, K., Auer, G., Ried, T., & Becker, H. (2001). Interphasezytogenetik mit DNA-sonden für chromosom 8 zur detektion zirkulierender tumorzellen beim mammakarzinom. Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie, 126(11), 922-925. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-19148