OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the interreader agreement and variability of two 18F-FDG PET parameters, metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis, in human solid tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. One hundred eleven patients (mean [± SD] age, 61.9 ± 12.5 years) with baseline staging FDG PET/CT scans were included. Two readers independently read the scans and segmented metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis using two fixed thresholds, 40% and 50% of the lesion's maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). The impact of the lesion's FDG avidity and location on reader agreement and variability was established. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), precision, and Bland-Altman analysis were used to evaluate agreement and variability. RESULTS. The ICCs for 40% and 50% SUVmax segmentations of metabolic tumor volume between the readers were 0.987 and 0.995, and the corresponding values for 40% and 50% SUVmax segmentations of total lesion glycolysis were 0.987 and 0.986, respectively (p = 0.0001). The corresponding precisions were 0.5%, 0.2%, 0.5%, and 0.5%, respectively. The mean biases between the readers for 40% and 50% SUVmax segmentations of metabolic tumor volume were -1.78 ± 8.42 mL and -0.46 ± 2.1 mL and for 40% and 50% SUV max segmentations of total lesion glycolysis were -7.3 ± 31.6 g and -2.97 ± 12.86 g, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed better precision and lesser variability for 50% SUVmax segmentations of metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis in patients with the highest and lowest FDGavid primary tumors. The precision was highest and variability was lowest for lung tumors. CONCLUSION. There is excellent interreader agreement for measurement of metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis with 40% and 50% SUVmax threshold segmentations in human solid tumors.
- FDG PET/CT
- Metabolic tumor volume
- Total lesion glycolysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging