Purpose: Our goal was to describe the use of gadolinium-enhanced 3D MR angiography (MRA) in the diagnosis of interrupted aortic arch (IAA). Method: A review of our MR data base from a 1 year period yielded three patients (1 day, 8 days, and 16 years old) with IAA. All were referred for evaluation of aortic arch abnormalities, only one of whom had suspected IAA. Patients were imaged at 1.5 T with a 3D spoiled gradient echo pulse sequence (TR/TE 3.8- 8/1.3-2.7 ms) following the administration of intravenous gadolinium chelates. Surgical correlation was available in all cases. Results: In the patient with clinically suspected IAA, a previously unsuspected aberrant right subclavian artery was identified that was not seen on preoperative echocardiography. In another patient with a history of previous mediastinal surgery, IAA was diagnosed without concomitant cardiac anomalies, suggesting surgical ligation. In the remaining patient, IAA was detected as well as a patent truncus arteriosus. Conclusion: Gadolinium-enhanced 3D MRA may provide for a rapid diagnosis of IAA that may not be possible with other noninvasive modalities. The rapid acquisition time enables unstable pediatric patients to spend minimal time in the MR suite.
- Anomalies, congenital
- Aorta, arch
- Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging