Epithelial cells of the digestive tracts of most animals are short-lived, and are constantly replenished by the progeny of long-lived, resident intestinal stem cells. Proper regulation of intestinal stem cell maintenance, proliferation and differentiation is critical for maintaining gut homeostasis. Here we review recent genetic studies of stem cell-mediated homeostatic growth in the . Drosophila midgut and the mouse small intestine, highlighting similarities and differences in the mechanisms that control stem cell proliferation and differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology