Background: Surgery to address parenchymal lung disease in children is rare. One of the complications of the surgery is a persistent air leak (PAL). Intrabronchial valves (IBV), which received FDA approval for treating PAL in recent years, limit or exclude the inflow of air towards the pleura and allow air and secretions to flow towards central airways. The valves have been effective in adults with PAL but little has been published on their use in children. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed after IRB approval on patients treated with IBV after surgical excision of lung parenchyma. A literature review was then performed. Results: 2 pediatric patients are presented. Patient 1, a 10 year old girl underwent excision of a lung mass that developed persistent air leak. Traditional conservative methods did not seal the air leak for 23 days but an IBV sealed the leak in 24 h. Patient 2, a 6 year old boy underwent a pneumonectomy with post-operative bronhical leak. The bronchus was repaired but a leak persisted for 36 days. An IBV sealed the leak immediately. Conclusion: Intrabronchial valves can be used for the management of persistent pulmonary air leaks. We propose a tentative algorithm for using the devices in children with PAL.
- Endobronchial valve
- Intrabronchial valve
- Persistent air leak
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health