Intracamerally induced concomitant immunity: Mice harboring progressively growing intraocular tumors are immune to spontaneous metastases and secondary tumor challenge

J. Y. Niederkorn, J. W. Streilein

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Abstract

Intracameral inoculation of allogeneic P815 mastocytoma cells (DBA/2) into BALB/c mice resulted in progressively growing intraocular tumors. Intraocular tumor cells disseminated rapidly to the spleen and cervical lymph nodes, yet extraocular nests of tumor cells never developed into fulminant tumors. Further experiments showed that tumor cells were continuously seeded from the primary intraocular tumor and were rapidly cleared from extraocular sites. Hosts harboring intraocular P815 mastocytomas rejected tumorigenic doses of P815 cells inoculated subcutaneously or even into the contralateral anterior chamber. This systemic tumor immunity was found to be radiosensitive and T cell dependent. Spleen cells from animals with progressively growing intraocular tumors protected recipient mice challenged with intracamerally inoculated tumor cells and thus suggests that a cell-mediated mechanism is the underlying basis for this form of tumor immunity. The data indicate that mice harboring progressively growing intraocular tumors develop a potent state of 'concomitant immunity', that prevents the development of metastases, yet is ineffective in controlling the primary tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2587-2594
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume131
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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