Intradialytic hypertension and the association with interdialytic ambulatory blood pressure

Peter N. van Buren, Catherine Kim, Robert Toto, Jula K. Inrig

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Abstract

Background and objectives Increasing BP during maintenance hemodialysis or intradialytic hypertension is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In hemodialysis patients, ambulatory BP measurements predict adverse cardiovascular outcomes better than in-center measurements. We hypothesized that patients with intradialytic hypertension have higher interdialytic ambulatory systolic BP than those without intradialytic hypertension. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We performed a case-control study in adult hemodialysis patients. Cases consisted of subjects with intradialytic-hypertension (systolic BP increase ≥10 mmHg from pre- to posthemodialysis in at least four of six treatments), and controls were subjects with ≥10 mmHg decreases from pre- to posthemodialysis in at least four of six treatments. The primary outcome was mean interdialytic 44-hour systolic ambulatory BP. Results Fifty subjects with a mean age of 54.5 years were enrolled (25 per group) among whom 80% were men, 86% diabetic, 62% Hispanic, and 38% African American. The mean prehemodialysis systolic BP for the intradialytic-hypertension and control groups were 144.0 and 155.5 mmHg, respectively. Mean posthemodialysis systolic BP was 159.0 and 128.1 mmHg, for the intradialytic-hypertension and control groups, respectively. The mean systolic ambulatory BP was 155.4 and 142.4 mmHg for the intradialytic-hypertension and control groups, respectively (P = 0.005). Both daytime and nocturnal systolic BP were higher among those with intradialytic hypertension as compared with controls. There was no difference in interdialytic weight gain between groups. Conclusions Time-integrated BP burden as measured by 44-hour ambulatory BP is higher in hemodialysis patients with intradialytic hypertension than those without intradialytic hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1684-1691
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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