Intramembrane glycine mediates multimerization of Insig-2, a requirement for sterol regulation in Chinese hamster ovary cells

Peter C W Lee, Russell A. DeBose-Boyd

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sterol-induced binding of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane proteins Insig-1 and Insig-2 to SREBP cleavage-activating protein (Scap) and HMG-CoA reductase triggers regulatory events that limit cholesterol synthesis in animal cells. Binding of Insigs to Scap prevents proteolytic activation of sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), membrane-bound transcription factors that enhance cholesterol synthesis, by trapping Scap-SREBP complexes in the ER. Insig binding to reductase causes ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-mediated degradation of the enzyme from ER membranes, slowing a ratelimiting step in cholesterol synthesis. Here, we report the characterization of mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells, designated SRD-20, that are resistant to 25-hydroxycholesterol, which potently inhibits SREBP activation and stimulates degradation of reductase. SRD-20 cells were produced by mutagenesis of Insig-1-deficient SRD-14 cells, followed by selection in 25-hydroxycholesterol. DNA sequencing reveals that SRD-20 cells harbor a point mutation in one Insig-2 allele that results in production of a truncated, nonfunctional protein, whereas the other allele contains a point mutation that results in substitution of glutamic acid for glycine-39. This glycine residue localizes to the first membrane-spanning segment of Insig-2 and is also present in the corresponding region of Insig-1. Mutant forms of Insig-1 and Insig-2 containing the Glu-to-Gly substitution fail to confer sterol regulation upon overexpressed Scap and reductase. These studies identify the intramembrane glycine as a key residue for normal sterol regulation in animal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins
Sterols
Cricetulus
Glycine
Ovary
Cells
Oxidoreductases
Cholesterol
Membranes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Animals
Substitution reactions
Chemical activation
Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases
Point Mutation
Degradation
Mutagenesis
Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 2
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Ports and harbors

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • HMG CoA reductase
  • SREBP cleavage-activating protein
  • Sterol-regulatory element binding protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Intramembrane glycine mediates multimerization of Insig-2, a requirement for sterol regulation in Chinese hamster ovary cells",
abstract = "Sterol-induced binding of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane proteins Insig-1 and Insig-2 to SREBP cleavage-activating protein (Scap) and HMG-CoA reductase triggers regulatory events that limit cholesterol synthesis in animal cells. Binding of Insigs to Scap prevents proteolytic activation of sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), membrane-bound transcription factors that enhance cholesterol synthesis, by trapping Scap-SREBP complexes in the ER. Insig binding to reductase causes ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-mediated degradation of the enzyme from ER membranes, slowing a ratelimiting step in cholesterol synthesis. Here, we report the characterization of mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells, designated SRD-20, that are resistant to 25-hydroxycholesterol, which potently inhibits SREBP activation and stimulates degradation of reductase. SRD-20 cells were produced by mutagenesis of Insig-1-deficient SRD-14 cells, followed by selection in 25-hydroxycholesterol. DNA sequencing reveals that SRD-20 cells harbor a point mutation in one Insig-2 allele that results in production of a truncated, nonfunctional protein, whereas the other allele contains a point mutation that results in substitution of glutamic acid for glycine-39. This glycine residue localizes to the first membrane-spanning segment of Insig-2 and is also present in the corresponding region of Insig-1. Mutant forms of Insig-1 and Insig-2 containing the Glu-to-Gly substitution fail to confer sterol regulation upon overexpressed Scap and reductase. These studies identify the intramembrane glycine as a key residue for normal sterol regulation in animal cells.",
keywords = "Cholesterol, HMG CoA reductase, SREBP cleavage-activating protein, Sterol-regulatory element binding protein",
author = "Lee, {Peter C W} and DeBose-Boyd, {Russell A.}",
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doi = "10.1194/jlr.M900336-JLR200",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "192--201",
journal = "Journal of Lipid Research",
issn = "0022-2275",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Intramembrane glycine mediates multimerization of Insig-2, a requirement for sterol regulation in Chinese hamster ovary cells

AU - Lee, Peter C W

AU - DeBose-Boyd, Russell A.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Sterol-induced binding of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane proteins Insig-1 and Insig-2 to SREBP cleavage-activating protein (Scap) and HMG-CoA reductase triggers regulatory events that limit cholesterol synthesis in animal cells. Binding of Insigs to Scap prevents proteolytic activation of sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), membrane-bound transcription factors that enhance cholesterol synthesis, by trapping Scap-SREBP complexes in the ER. Insig binding to reductase causes ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-mediated degradation of the enzyme from ER membranes, slowing a ratelimiting step in cholesterol synthesis. Here, we report the characterization of mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells, designated SRD-20, that are resistant to 25-hydroxycholesterol, which potently inhibits SREBP activation and stimulates degradation of reductase. SRD-20 cells were produced by mutagenesis of Insig-1-deficient SRD-14 cells, followed by selection in 25-hydroxycholesterol. DNA sequencing reveals that SRD-20 cells harbor a point mutation in one Insig-2 allele that results in production of a truncated, nonfunctional protein, whereas the other allele contains a point mutation that results in substitution of glutamic acid for glycine-39. This glycine residue localizes to the first membrane-spanning segment of Insig-2 and is also present in the corresponding region of Insig-1. Mutant forms of Insig-1 and Insig-2 containing the Glu-to-Gly substitution fail to confer sterol regulation upon overexpressed Scap and reductase. These studies identify the intramembrane glycine as a key residue for normal sterol regulation in animal cells.

AB - Sterol-induced binding of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane proteins Insig-1 and Insig-2 to SREBP cleavage-activating protein (Scap) and HMG-CoA reductase triggers regulatory events that limit cholesterol synthesis in animal cells. Binding of Insigs to Scap prevents proteolytic activation of sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), membrane-bound transcription factors that enhance cholesterol synthesis, by trapping Scap-SREBP complexes in the ER. Insig binding to reductase causes ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-mediated degradation of the enzyme from ER membranes, slowing a ratelimiting step in cholesterol synthesis. Here, we report the characterization of mutant Chinese hamster ovary cells, designated SRD-20, that are resistant to 25-hydroxycholesterol, which potently inhibits SREBP activation and stimulates degradation of reductase. SRD-20 cells were produced by mutagenesis of Insig-1-deficient SRD-14 cells, followed by selection in 25-hydroxycholesterol. DNA sequencing reveals that SRD-20 cells harbor a point mutation in one Insig-2 allele that results in production of a truncated, nonfunctional protein, whereas the other allele contains a point mutation that results in substitution of glutamic acid for glycine-39. This glycine residue localizes to the first membrane-spanning segment of Insig-2 and is also present in the corresponding region of Insig-1. Mutant forms of Insig-1 and Insig-2 containing the Glu-to-Gly substitution fail to confer sterol regulation upon overexpressed Scap and reductase. These studies identify the intramembrane glycine as a key residue for normal sterol regulation in animal cells.

KW - Cholesterol

KW - HMG CoA reductase

KW - SREBP cleavage-activating protein

KW - Sterol-regulatory element binding protein

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JO - Journal of Lipid Research

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