NadA and NhhA, two surface proteins of serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis identified as candidate vaccine antigens, were expressed on the surface of the human oral commensal bacterium Streptococcus gordonii. Recombinant strains were used to immunize BALB/c mice by the intranasal route and the local and systemic immune response was assessed. Mice were inoculated with recombinant bacteria administered alone or with LTR72, a partially inactivated mutant of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin, as a mucosal adjuvant. Intranasal immunization with live bacteria expressing NadA induced a significant serum antibody response, with a prevalence of the IgG2a subclass, bactericidal activity in the sera of 71% of animals, and a NadA-specific IgA response in nasal and bronchoalveolar lavages. A formalin-inactivated recombinant strain of S. gordonii expressing NadA was also administered intranasally, inducing a systemic and mucosal humoral response comparable to that of live bacteria. The administration of recombinant bacteria with the mucosal adjuvant LTR72 stimulated a stronger systemic antibody response, protective in 85% of sera, while did not increase the local IgA response. Recombinant S. gordonii expressing NhhA induced a systemic but not mucosal antibody response. These data support the role of NadA as vaccine candidate against serogroup B meningococci, and the use of S. gordonii as vector for intranasal vaccination.
- Mucosal vaccines
- Recombinant bacteria
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases