Intraoperative monitoring and facial nerve outcomes after vestibular schwannoma resection

Brandon Isaacson, Paul R. Kileny, Hussam El-Kashlan, Arun K. Gadre

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the predictive value of proximal facial nerve electrical threshold and proximal-to-distal facial muscle compound action potential amplitude ratio on facial nerve outcomes after resection of vestibular schwannomas. Study Design: Retrospective case review. Setting: Tertiary care hospital. Patients: Two hundred twenty-nine patients undergoing resection of vestibular schwannomas with intraoperative facial nerve monitoring at a single institution. Intervention: All patients underwent resection of vestibular schwannomas with the use of intraoperative monitoring. Main Outcome Measure: Facial nerve function was classified according to the House-Brackmann scale at the patient's last office follow-up. Last follow-up was at least 6 months after surgery. Results: Good facial nerve function (House-Brackmann Grade I or II) was observed in 87% of the patients at their last office follow-up. Proximal-to-distal amplitude ratio and proximal electric threshold were statistically significant in predicting facial nerve outcome. A mathematical model predicting the probability of good outcome on the basis of the intraoperative parameters is presented. Conclusion: Intraoperative monitoring has significantly decreased facial nerve morbidity in vestibular schwannoma surgery. Despite the advances in surgery and monitoring, a group of patients still have poor facial nerve outcomes. The use of intraoperative nerve monitoring may be able to predict poor long-term facial nerve outcomes and thus modify the timing of rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)812-817
Number of pages6
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

Keywords

  • Cerebellar pontine angle tumors
  • Facial nerve outcome
  • House-Brackmann scale
  • Intraoperative monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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