Intraosseous infusion using the osteoport implant in the caprine tibia

R. D. Welch, M. J. Waldron, D. A. Hulse, C. E. Johnston, B. M. Hargis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the in vivo animal tolerance to intraosseous infusion via the Osteoport pediatric implant (model 2005PSO, Lifequest Medical, San Antonio, TX, U.S.A.) into the proximal tibia of immature goats and investigated the osseous effects of intermittent and sustained increases in intraosseous pressure (IOP). In group 1 (n = 3) autogenous whole blood was continuously infused (CI) for 5 days at flow rates producing an IOP of 30–45 mm Hg. Group 2 animals (n = 3) underwent a 5‐s high‐pressure infusion (HPI) of lactated Ringer solution (LRS) producing an IOP of 90–125 mm Hg twice daily for 10 days. In group 3, the Osteoports were left in place 5 (n = 2) or 10 days (n = 2) and evaluated for patency at 72‐h intervals. An IOP > 35 mm Hg produced clinical evidence of bone pain. Bone mineral density was significantly increased (p < 0.05) in all implanted tibias (mean 1.04 g/cm2; range 0.87–1.21 g/cm2) compared with controls (mean 0.67 g/cm2; range 0.65–0.71 g/cm2). A nonsignificant increase (+9% to +31%) in periosteal new bone formation occurred in all implanted tibias. In the continuously infused group, there was a significant increase (p < 0.05) in cancellous new bone formation (+ 483%), percentage eroded bone surface (+ 143%), and osteoclast covered bone surface (+ 255%) compared with controls. HPI of LRS did not produce significant bone changes. Seemingly, the Osteoport provided a ready means of intraosseous infusion and may be associated with less complications than current methods of continual vascular access. Bone changes correlated more with the duration than the magnitude of increased intraosseous pressures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-799
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1992

Keywords

  • Bone pain
  • Intraosseous infusion
  • Intraosseous pressure
  • Osteoport
  • Vascular access

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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