Background: The effect of perioperative bridging therapy on risks of ischemic cardiac events and major bleeding complications in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains undefined. Methods: We report on 60 consecutive patients between 2010 and 2017 who required cardiac (CS; n = 15) or non-cardiac (NCS; n = 45) surgeries following PCI at our institution. Short-acting intravenous (IV) antiplatelet (APT) bridging with eptifibatide, tirofiban and cangrelor were instituted after DAPT interruption. Results: All patients were men with multiple atherosclerosis risk factors. An acute coronary syndrome indication (56.7%) was the most common PCI indication in the CS and NCS groups. Drug-eluting stents were used in 93.33% and 95.56% of the above groups, respectively. The median duration from PCI to CS and NCS were 11.17 and 18.25 months, respectively and 38.33% of all surgeries were performed within 6 months of the index PCI. Most patients were on background aspirin (83.33%) and clopidogrel (81.67%) and median duration of DAPT interruption was 7 days. Median duration of perioperative IV APT bridging was 3 days for CS and 5 days for NCS groups. In the CS group, two patients (13.33%) had non-fata myocardial infarction (MI), and four (26.67%) had clinically significant bleeding. No patients had perioperative stent thrombosis. In the NCS group, one patient (2.22%) had stent thrombosis; four (6.67%) had myocardial infarction, and five (11.11%) clinically significant bleeding. Conclusions: Despite using IV APT as bridging therapy during perioperative DAPT interruption in post-PCI patients, postoperative cardiac events and bleeding complications can still occur.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine