Introducing parametric fusion PET/MRI of primary prostate cancer

Hyunjin Park, David Wood, Hero Hussain, Charles R. Meyer, Rajal B. Shah, Timothy D. Johnson, Thomas Chenevert, Morand Piert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

We assessed the performance of parametric fusion PET/MRI based on 11C-choline PET/CT and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps derived from diffusion-weighted MRI for the identification of primary prostate cancer. Methods: 11C-choline PET/CT and MRI were performed in 17 patients with untreated primary prostate cancer, followed by prostatectomy. Registration of in vivo imaging with histology was achieved using a mutual-information objective function and by performing ex vivo MRI of the prostatectomy specimen (obtained at 3 T) and wholemount sectioning with block-face photography as intermediate steps. Data analysis included volumetrically registered whole-mount histology with Gleason scoring, 11C-choline, and ADC data (obtained at 1.5 T). Volumes of interest were defined on the basis of histologically proven tumor tissue to calculate tumor-to-benign prostate background ratios (TBRs) for 11C-choline, ADC, and a derived fusion PET/MRI parameter calculating the quotient of 11C-choline over ADC (P CHOL/ADC). Results: Fifty-one tumor nodules were identified at pathology. The TBRs for 11C-choline (P < 0.05) and P CHOL/ADC (P < 0.005) were significantly higher in prostate cancers with a Gleason score of ≥3 + 4 than with a Gleason score of ≤3 + 3 disease and controls. For Gleason ≥ 3 + 4, the ADC TBRs were significantly lower than controls and Gleason ≤ 3 + 3 disease (P < 0.05). The absolute value of TBRs obtained from Gleason ≥ 3 + 4 cancers increased from ADC to 11C-choline PET/CT and from 11C-choline PET/CT to P CHOL/ADC, with each step being statistically significant. Conclusion: Our data indicate that parametric PET/MRI using PCHOL/ADC improves lesion-to-background contrast (TBRs) of Gleason ≥ 3 + 4 disease, compared with 11C-choline PET/CT or diffusion-weighted MRI, and thus hold promise that parametric imaging performed on hybrid PET/MRI may further improve identification and localization of significant primary prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-551
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • C-choline
  • Diffusion-weighted MRI
  • Fusion imaging
  • PET/MRI
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Park, H., Wood, D., Hussain, H., Meyer, C. R., Shah, R. B., Johnson, T. D., ... Piert, M. (2012). Introducing parametric fusion PET/MRI of primary prostate cancer. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 53(4), 546-551. https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.111.091421