Investigating the minimum scan parameters required to generate free-breathing motion artefact-free fasthelical CT

David H. Thomas, Jun Tan, Jack Neylon, Tai Dou, Dylan O'Connell, Michael McNitt-Gray, Percy Lee, James Lamb, Daniel A. Low

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: A recently proposed "5DCT" protocol uses deformable registration of free-breathing fast-helical CT scans to generate a breathing motion model. In order to allow accurate registration, free-breathing images are required to be free of doubling-artefacts, which arise when tissue motion is greater than scan speed. Methods: Using a unique set of digital phantoms based on patient data and verifed with a motion phantom, this work identifes the minimum scanner parameters required to successfully generate free-breathing artefact-free fast-helical scans. A motion phantom and 5 patients were imaged 25 times under free-breathing conditions in alternating directions with a 64-slice CT scanner employing a low-dose fast-helical protocol. A series of high temporal resolution (0.1 s) 5DCT scan data sets was generated in each case. A simulated CT scanner was used to "image" each free-breathing data set. Various CT scanner detector widths and rotation times were simulated, and verifed using the motion phantom results. Motion-induced artefacts were quantifed in patient images using structural similarity maps to determine the similarity between axial slices. Results: Increasing amounts of motion-induced artefacts were observed with increasing rotation times >0.2s for 16 mm detector confguration. Conclusion: The current generation of 16-slice CT scanners, which are present in the majority of Radiation Oncology departments, are not capable of generating free-breathing sorting artefact-free images required for 5DCT. Advances in knowledge: A recently proposed "5DCT" protocol uses deformable registration of free-breathing fast-helical CT scans to generate a breathing motion model. In order to allow accurate registration, freebreathing images are required to be free of doublingartefacts, which arise when tissue motion is greater than scan speed. The results suggest that the current generation of 16-slice CT scanners, present in the majority of Radiation Oncology departments, are not capable of generating the free-breathing images required for 5DCT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20170597
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Volume91
Issue number1082
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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