Involvement of the Ser-Glu-Pro motif in ligand species-dependent desensitisation of the rat gonadotrophin-releasing hormone receptor

J. A. Song, Dayoung Oh, J. S. Moon, D. Geum, H. B. Kwon, Jae Young Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are two forms of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), GnRH-I and GnRH-II, in the vertebrate brain. Both GnRH-I and GnRH-II are thought to interact with the type-I GnRH receptor (GnRHR). The present study attempted to demonstrate whether GnRH-I and GnRH-II induce differential desensitisation of GnRHR and to identify the motif involved. Time course inositol phosphate (IP) accumulation assay reveals that, in cells expressing the wild-type rat GnRHR, GnRH-I induced continuous increase in IP production, whereas GnRH-II-induced IP production rate at later time points (30-120min after ligand treatment) became attenuated. However, in cells expressing the mutant receptor in which the Ser-Glu-Pro (SEP) motif in extracellular loop 3 was replaced by Pro-Glu-Val (PEV), IP accumulation rates at later time points were more decreased by GnRH-I than GnRH-II. Ca2+ responses to repetitive GnRH applications reveal that GnRH-II desensitised the wild-type receptor faster than GnRH-I, whereas the opposite situation was observed in the PEV mutant. In addition, cell surface loss of GFP-tagged wild-type receptor was more facilitated by GnRH-II than GnRH-I, whereas that of the GFP-tagged PEV mutant receptor was more enhanced by GnRH-I than GnRH-II. The present study indicates that the SEP motif is potentially responsible for ligand species-dependent receptor desensitisation. Together, these results suggest that GnRH-I and GnRH-II may have different effects on mammalian type-I GnRHR via modulation of desensitisation rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-766
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroendocrinology
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

Keywords

  • C-terminaltail
  • Desensitisation
  • GnRH receptor
  • Ligand
  • Ser-Glu-Promotif

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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