A common misconception is that the umbilicus is a midline structure. To date, an anatomical survey examining whether the umbilicus is located at the midline has not been reported. This study measured the position of the umbilicus among 136 subjects, in two separate experiments. The results demonstrated that the umbilicus was not at the midline for nearly 100 percent of subjects and was more than 2 percent from the midline for more than 50 percent of subjects. This finding is of great importance for patient counseling in preoperative and postoperative settings. Because the discerning eye has repeatedly been demonstrated to be able to detect smaller asymmetries, these findings are significant and should be discussed with patients undergoing cosmetic abdominoplasty or reconstructive procedures, for preoperative informed consent. Education and preoperative demonstration can help prevent medicolegal ramifications. The umbilicus is rarely midline and, when critically analyzed, is located lateral to the midline axis more often than not.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Plastic and reconstructive surgery|
|State||Published - Jul 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas