Isoniazid hepatitis

W. C. Maddrey, J. K. Boitnott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis secondary to isoniazid given as a chemoprophylactic drug for tuberculosis was observed in 14 patients over a 5 yr period. Three of these patients died with fulminant hepatic failure, and 8 of the 11 surviving patients had bridging or multilobular necrosis, or both, on liver biopsy. Rechallenge with isoniazid led to an accelerated recurrence of severe hepatitis in two patients and abnormal serum transaminases within 2 days in a third. A prodromal period characterized by fatigue, weakness, anorexia, and malaise was noted in all patients before the appearance of jaundice. The duration of the symptomatic interval during which isoniazid was continued was longer (mean, 4.6 wk) in the patients with bridging or multilobular necrosis than in those with only diffuse hepatitis (mean, 2.2 wk), suggesting that once symptoms appear continued use of the drug causes more severe liver damage. These observations support the need for close medical follow up of patients on isoniazid therapy, with immediate investigation of symptoms that suggest an adverse reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Volume78
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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    Maddrey, W. C., & Boitnott, J. K. (1973). Isoniazid hepatitis. Annals of internal medicine, 78(7), 1-12.