JAK inhibitors suppress colon cancer cachexia-associated anorexia and adipose wasting in mice

Gurpreet Arora, Arun Gupta, Tong Guo, Aakash Gandhi, Aaron M Laine, Chul Ahn, Dorothy Williams, Puneeth Iyengar, Rodney Infante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Cachexia (CX), a syndrome of muscle atrophy, adipose loss, and anorexia, is associated with reduced survival in cancer patients. The colon adenocarcinoma C26c20 cell line secretes the cytokine leukemia inhibitor factor (LIF) which induces CX. We characterized how LIF promotes CX-associated weight loss and anorexia in mice through JAK-dependent changes in adipose and hypothalamic tissues. Methods: CX was induced in vivo with C26c20 colon adenocarcinoma cells or recombinant LIF administration in the absence or presence of JAK inhibitors. Blood, adipose, and hypothalamic tissues were collected and processed for cyto/adipokine ELISAs, immunoblot analysis, and quantitative RT-PCR. CX was induced in vitro by stimulating differentiated adipocytes with recombinant LIF or IL-6 in the absence or presence of lipase or JAK inhibitors. These activated adipocytes were processed for lipolysis, immunoblot analysis, and RT-PCR. Results: Tumor-secreted LIF induced changes in adipose tissue expression and serum levels of IL-6 and leptin in a JAK-dependent manner influencing CX-associated adipose wasting and anorexia. We identified two JAK inhibitors that block cytokine-mediated adipocyte lipolysis and IL-6 induction using an in vitro CX lipolysis assay. JAK inhibitors administered to in vivo colon cancer CX mouse models led to 1) a decrease in STAT3 phosphorylation in hypothalamic and adipose tissues, 2) a reverse in the CX serum cyto/adipokine signature, 3) a delay in colon cancer CX-associated anorexia and adipose loss, and 4) an improvement in overall survival. Conclusions: JAK inhibitors suppress cytokine-associated adipose loss and anorexia in multiple in vitro and in vivo models of cancer CX.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2020

Keywords

  • Cachexia
  • Colon cancer
  • IL-6
  • Janus kinase
  • Leptin
  • Leukemia inhibitory factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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