Kinetic and equilibrium study of Ni(II) sorption from aqueous solutions onto Peganum harmala-L

M. Ghasemi, N. Ghasemi, G. Zahedi, S. R.W. Alwi, M. Goodarzi, H. Javadian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the adsorption behavior of Ni(II) in an aqueous solution system using natural adsorbent Peganum harmala-L was measured via batch mode. The prepared sorbent was characterized by scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, N2 adsorption–desorption and pHzpc. Adsorption experiments were carried out by varying several conditions such as contact time, metal ion concentration and pH to assess kinetic and equilibrium parameters. The equilibrium data were analyzed based on the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms. Kinetic data were analyzed using the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intra-particular diffusion models. Experimental data showed that at contact time 60 min, metal ion concentration 50 mg/L and pH 6, a maximum amount of Ni(II) ions can be removed. The experimental data were best described by the Langmuir isotherm model as is evident from the high R2 value of 0.988. The adsorption capacity (qm) obtained was 68.02 mg/g at an initial pH of 6 and a temperature of 25 °C. Kinetic studies of the adsorption showed that equilibrium was reached within 60 min of contact and the adsorption process followed the pseudo-first-order model. The obtained results show that P. harmala-L can be used as an effective and a natural low-cost adsorbent for the removal of Ni(II) from aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1835-1844
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Isotherm
  • Kinetic
  • Natural adsorbent
  • Ni(II)
  • Peganum harmala-L

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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