Conocimiento y actitudes de oftalmólogos mexicanos acerca del consejo genético para retinoblastoma: análisis bioético

Translated title of the contribution: Knowledge and attitudes of mexican ophthalmologists regarding genetic counselong for retinoblastoma: Bioethical analysis

Paula Morelos Herrera, M. de la Luz Casas Martínez, Juan Carlos Juárez Echenique, Antonio R. Villa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular tumor in childhood. Retinoblastoma is considered a “genetic” cancer, as up to 50% of affected patients have an RB1 mutation, which makes genetic counseling key in the education of patients and their relatives regarding the risks of developing this pathology, the possibility of inheriting this disease in the future, and reproductive options. There are no Mexican guidelines on genetic counseling. There is currently no data about the attitudes and knowledge of Mexican ophthalmologists regarding the bioethical aspects of genetic counseling in Rb patients. Objective To assess the knowledge of medical and bioethical aspects for genetic counseling on retinoblastoma, such as neutrality during genetic counseling and respect to the autonomy of patients and their relatives in decision making. Material and methods Prospective, observational, cross-sectional study. An electronic survey was applied to ophthalmologists nationwide. Results 73.5% of the interviewees reported having performed genetic assessment for retinoblastoma patients or their relatives at some point in their career; but a large proportion do not have knowledge about the inheritance patterns for retinoblastoma, or about the bioethical aspects involved in genetic counseling.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)276-283
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Mexicana de Oftalmologia
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Fingerprint

Retinoblastoma
Genetic Counseling
Inheritance Patterns
Patient Education
Ophthalmologists
Neoplasms
Decision Making
Cross-Sectional Studies
Guidelines
Pathology
Mutation

Keywords

  • Autonomy
  • Beneficence
  • Bioethics
  • Genetic assessment
  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Retinoblastoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Conocimiento y actitudes de oftalmólogos mexicanos acerca del consejo genético para retinoblastoma : análisis bioético. / Morelos Herrera, Paula; Casas Martínez, M. de la Luz; Juárez Echenique, Juan Carlos; Villa, Antonio R.

In: Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia, Vol. 90, No. 6, 01.11.2016, p. 276-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morelos Herrera, Paula ; Casas Martínez, M. de la Luz ; Juárez Echenique, Juan Carlos ; Villa, Antonio R. / Conocimiento y actitudes de oftalmólogos mexicanos acerca del consejo genético para retinoblastoma : análisis bioético. In: Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia. 2016 ; Vol. 90, No. 6. pp. 276-283.
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abstract = "Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular tumor in childhood. Retinoblastoma is considered a “genetic” cancer, as up to 50{\%} of affected patients have an RB1 mutation, which makes genetic counseling key in the education of patients and their relatives regarding the risks of developing this pathology, the possibility of inheriting this disease in the future, and reproductive options. There are no Mexican guidelines on genetic counseling. There is currently no data about the attitudes and knowledge of Mexican ophthalmologists regarding the bioethical aspects of genetic counseling in Rb patients. Objective To assess the knowledge of medical and bioethical aspects for genetic counseling on retinoblastoma, such as neutrality during genetic counseling and respect to the autonomy of patients and their relatives in decision making. Material and methods Prospective, observational, cross-sectional study. An electronic survey was applied to ophthalmologists nationwide. Results 73.5{\%} of the interviewees reported having performed genetic assessment for retinoblastoma patients or their relatives at some point in their career; but a large proportion do not have knowledge about the inheritance patterns for retinoblastoma, or about the bioethical aspects involved in genetic counseling.",
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