We report 2 cases of ground-glass hepatocyte inclusions occurring in pediatric patients. Case 1 had alpha-thalassaemia major and was receiving iron chelation therapy, whereas case 2 had trisomy 21 with a history of bone marrow transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia. The liver sections in both cases showed eosinophilic, periodic acid-Schiff diastase - positive intracytoplasmic inclusions that were negative for hepatitis B surface antigen. Immunohistochemically the inclusions showed positive staining with KM279, a monoclonal antibody against polyglucosan derived from Lafora inclusions. On electron microscopy, in case 1, intracytoplasmic inclusions were composed of degenerate organelles, glycogen, and irregular fibrillar structures; in case 2, they were composed of vesicular structures containing granular material. Ultrastructural changes in both cases differed from classical Lafora inclusions and ruled out hepatitis B surface antigen, glycogenosis type IX and fibrinogen storage disease. Genetic analysis of the Lafora's disease genes performed in case 2 revealed no mutations. The development of hepatocyte cytoplasmic inclusions in both our cases could be related to medication effects, because similar inclusions were reported in patients using cyanamide. Drug-induced inclusions, mimicking Lafora's disease, should be included in the differential diagnosis of hepatocyte ground-glass inclusions.
- Ground-glass inclusions
- Lafora's disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine