Laser-assisted management of congenital and acquired pediatric airway disorders: Case reports and review of the literature

Ki Hong Kevin Ho, Seckin O. Ulualp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: As laser surgery advances are made in the treatment of adult disorders, lasers are likewise increasingly being used in the treatment of pediatric otolaryngologic disorders. We evaluated outcomes of laser surgery in a group of infants and children with congenital and acquired airway disorders. Materials and Methods: The medical charts of infants and children who were treated for airway disorders between July 2005 and January 2007 at a tertiary care children's hospital were reviewed. Data included relevant history and physical examination, diagnostic work-up, management, and follow-up assessment. Results: Seven patients who had laser surgery for airway lesions were identified. Two infants aged 3-12 wk had laryngomalacia, failure to thrive, and apnea. In one infant, CO2 laser-assisted supraglottoplasty, in combination with microlaryngeal scissors, resulted in continuing weight gain in one infant at 15 mo after surgery, and no apnea episodes at 4 wk in the other infant. A 2-month-old infant underwent laser-assisted laryngeal cleft repair. Two patients diagnosed with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis at age 6-15 mo underwent multiple CO2 and KTP laser ablations of laryngotracheal papillomas. Microdebrider removal of papillomas was initiated due to the large size of the papillomas. Two patients aged 5-11 y were burn victims with stridor, hoarseness, or difficulty breathing. After CO2 ablation of subglottic stenosis and posterior glottic webs, voice and breathing improved and stridor resolved. Conclusion: Congenital and acquired airway lesions in 'infants and children can be treated with the laser. A combined approach with other techniques may be considered to decrease the duration of the procedure when applicable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-607
Number of pages7
JournalPhotomedicine and Laser Surgery
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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