LC‐QTOF‐MS and1H NMR metabolomics verifies potential use of greater omentum for Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm eradication in rats

Joanna Teul, Stanisław Deja, Katarzyna Celińska‐janowicz, Adam Ząbek, Piotr Młynarz, Piotr Barć, Adam Junka, Danuta Smutnicka, Marzenna Bartoszewicz, Jerzy Pałka, Wojciech Miltyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial wound infections are a common problem associated with surgical interventions. In particular, biofilm‐forming bacteria are hard to eradicate, and alternative methods of treatment based on covering wounds with vascularized flaps of tissue are being developed. The greater omentum is a complex organ covering the intestines in the abdomen, which support wound recovery following surgical procedures and exhibit natural antimicrobial activity that could improve biofilm eradication. We investigated changes in rats’ metabolome following Klebsiella pneumoniae infections, as well as the greater omentum’s ability for Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm eradication. Rats received either sterile implants or implants covered with Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm (placed in the peritoneum or greater omentum). Metabolic profiles were monitored at days 0, 2, and 5 after surgery using combined proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time‐of‐flight tandem mass spectrometry (LC– QTOF‐MS) measurements of urine samples followed by chemometric analysis. Obtained results indicated that grafting of the sterile implant to the greater omentum did not cause major disturbances in rats’ metabolism, whereas the sterile implant located in the peritoneum triggered metabolic perturbations related to tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, as well as choline, tryptophan, and hippurate metabolism. Presence of implants colonized with Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm resulted in similar levels of metabolic perturbations in both locations. Our findings confirmed that surgical procedures utilizing the greater omentum may have a practical use in wound healing and tissue regeneration in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number399
JournalPathogens
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Implants
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Metabolomics
  • Microbial biofilm eradication
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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