Left atrial strain is associated with adverse cardiovascular events in patients with end-stage renal disease: Findings from the Cardiac, Endothelial Function and Arterial Stiffness in ESRD (CERES) study

Amrita Ayer, Upasana Banerjee, Claire Mills, Catherine Donovan, Lauren Nelson, Sanjiv J. Shah, Ruth F. Dubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: We lack cardiovascular (CV) markers for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and left atrial (LA) strain has not been studied definitively in this population. We examined associations of LA reservoir, conduit, and booster strain with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) among stable patients with ESRD on dialysis. Methods: One hundred and ninety patients in the Cardiac, Endothelial and Arterial Stiffness in ESRD study underwent echocardiography, including strain imaging. The primary outcome was 2-year composite non-fatal MACE or CV death. We performed Cox proportional hazards regression for LA strain measures, adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV GLS), E/e′ and LA volume index. Findings: Mean ± SD LA reservoir strain was 24.1 ± 7.0%, and LA conduit strain 11.9 ± 5.1%. In age-adjusted analyses, lower LA reservoir strain and LA conduit strain were associated with the primary outcome (HR per 1-SD worsening LA strain parameter = 1.57 [95% CI 1.2–2.1], p = 0.003 and 1.68 [95% CI 1.2–2.3], p = 0.002, respectively). After adjusting for comorbidities, LA reservoir strain remained associated with the primary outcome and with deaths alone, and LA conduit strain with the primary outcome and hospitalizations alone (p < 0.05 for all). Associations of LA conduit strain were independent of LV GLS. Associations were stronger in participants with serum albumin <3.6 mg/dl (p for interaction 0.008). Discussion: Left atrial reservoir strain and conduit strain were independently associated with MACE among patients with ESRD. Our study provides unique ascertainment of CV hospitalizations not attributed to missed dialysis, and LA conduit strain was a strong marker for this outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-334
Number of pages12
JournalHemodialysis International
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • end-stage renal disease
  • left atrial function
  • strain imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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