Although lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) was recognized nearly 30. years ago, neonatologists and radiologists still question its clinical significance. The diagnosis of LSV may be highly subjective, resulting in many false negatives when the radiologist is not familiar with the lesion or false positive if over-read by those with special interest in this finding. There has been an increase in incidence of LSV since its recognition in 1985 which might reflect nothing more than a growing awareness of this finding on neonatal cranial ultrasound. On the other hand, improved ultrasound imaging technology may have enhanced identification of LSV. Prospective studies evaluating the presence, significance and diagnosis of LSV are limited and have produced conflicting results. Therefore, the associated risk factors and clinical relevance of LSV on cranial ultrasound remain unclear. This review will examine the existing literature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology