Lentivirus-induced knockdown of LRP1 induces osteoarthritic-like effects and increases susceptibility to apoptosis in chondrocytes via the nuclear factor-κB pathway

Erping Yang, Huifeng Zheng, Hao Peng, Yinyuan Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is known to regulate cell survival and inflammation. The present study investigated the involvement of LRP1 in the regulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13. Furthermore, the study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the effects of LRP1 on TNF-α-induced inflammation and apoptosis of chondrocytes. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference techniques were used to knockdown the LRP1 gene. Subsequently, the effects of LRP1 on TNF-α-induced MMP-13 expression were determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot analysis and ELISA. Furthermore, the TNF-α-induced intracellular pathway was investigated using a nuclear factor (NF)-κB inhibitor (Bay 11-7082). In addition, the effect of LRP1 regulation on growth and apoptosis in chondrocytes was investigated using western blot analysis and a TUNEL assay. LRP1 knockdown was shown to increase TNF-α-induced MMP-13 expression via the activation of the NF-κB (p65) pathway, which reduced the expression of collagen type II and cell viability. In addition, LRP1 inhibited cell apoptosis by increasing the expression of phospho-Akt and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), while suppressing the expression of caspase-3 and Bcl-2-associated X protein. The results of the present study indicated that LRP1 was able to inhibit TNF-α-induced apoptosis and inflammation in chondrocytes. Therefore, LRP1 may be an effective osteoarthritis inhibitor, potentially providing a novel approach for antiarthritic therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-13
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)
  • Cancer Research

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