Leptin Receptor Promotes Adipogenesis and Reduces Osteogenesis by Regulating Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Adult Bone Marrow

Rui Yue, Bo O. Zhou, Issei S. Shimada, Zhiyu Zhao, Sean J. Morrison

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Abstract

Summary Skeletal stem cells (SSCs) that are the major source of osteoblasts and adipocytes in adult bone marrow express leptin receptor (LepR). To test whether LepR regulates SSC function, we conditionally deleted Lepr from limb bone marrow stromal cells, but not from the axial skeleton or hypothalamic neurons, using Prx1-Cre. Prx1-Cre;Leprfl/fl mice exhibited normal body mass and normal hematopoiesis. However, limb bones from Prx1-Cre;Leprfl/fl mice exhibited increased osteogenesis, decreased adipogenesis, and accelerated fracture healing. Leptin increased adipogenesis and reduced osteogenesis by activating Jak2/Stat3 signaling in bone marrow stromal cells. A high-fat diet increased adipogenesis and reduced osteogenesis in limb bones from wild-type mice, but not from Prx1-Cre;Leprfl/fl mice. This reflected local effects of LepR on osteogenesis and adipogenesis by bone marrow stromal cells and systemic effects on bone resorption. Leptin/LepR signaling regulates adipogenesis and osteogenesis by mesenchymal stromal cells in the bone marrow in response to diet and adiposity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)782-796
Number of pages15
JournalCell Stem Cell
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2016

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Leptin Receptors
Adipogenesis
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Osteogenesis
Bone Marrow
Extremities
Leptin
Stem Cells
Bone and Bones
Fracture Healing
Hematopoiesis
Adiposity
High Fat Diet
Bone Resorption
Osteoblasts
Adipocytes
Skeleton
Diet
Neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics

Cite this

Leptin Receptor Promotes Adipogenesis and Reduces Osteogenesis by Regulating Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Adult Bone Marrow. / Yue, Rui; Zhou, Bo O.; Shimada, Issei S.; Zhao, Zhiyu; Morrison, Sean J.

In: Cell Stem Cell, Vol. 18, No. 6, 02.06.2016, p. 782-796.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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