Leukostasis retinopathy: An uncommon visual threatening complication of chronic myeloid leukemia with severe hyperleukocytosis-A case report and review of the literature

Bo Chen, Xiaoqin Yan, Xian Zhang, Hong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


To describe a rare case of an unusual visual threatening complication of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). A 21-year-old male visited the hospital complaining of 1-week painless binocular acute visual loss without any other symptoms. The patient was diagnosed with CML. He then received emergent leukapheresis with imatinib treatment, which achieved obvious hematological remission. However, the visual acuity did not recover along with the CML remission and ocular structure relief. CML-related leukostasis could induce severe leukostasis retinopathy. Hematologists and ophthalmologists should pay more attention to this relatively rare and severe complication of CML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1871-1874
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes



  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • hemorrhagic retinal detachment
  • leukostasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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