Fulminant acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare demyelinating disorder, which most often occurs after an infection or vaccination. It frequently presents with focal neurologic signs and an altered sensorium. Patients often require critical care for airway management but are typically treated with medical therapy alone, including intravenous steroids and other immunotherapies. We present a case of dominant hemisphere fulminant ADEM in a patient who required neurosurgical intervention and a life-saving hemicraniectomy despite maximum medical therapy.
- Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
- cerebral herniation
- dominant hemisphere
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology