Background: Infection with adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector with liver tropism leads to persistent expression of foreign antigens in the mouse liver, with no significant liver inflammation or pathology. This provides a model to investigate antigen persistence in the liver and strategies to modulate host immunity to reduce or clear the foreign antigen expressed from AAV vector in the liver. Methods/Principal Findings: We showed that expressing LIGHT with an adenovirus vector (Ad) in mice with established AAV in the liver led to clearance of the AAV. Ad-LIGHT enhanced CD8 effector T cells in the liver, correlated with liver inflammation. LTbR-Ig proteins blocked Ad-LIGHT in clearing AAV. Interestingly, in LTbR-null mice, Ad-LIGHT still cleared AAV but caused no significant liver inflammation. Conclusions/Significance: Our data suggest that LIGHT interaction with the LTbR plays a critical role in liver inflammation but is not required for LIGHT-mediated AAV clearance. These findings will shed light on developing novel immunotherapeutics in treating people chronically infected with hepato-tropic viruses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)