Linguistic performance and regional cerebral blood flow in persons who stutter

B. C. Watson, F. J. Freeman, M. D. Devous, S. B. Chapman, T. Finitzo, K. D. Pool

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a series of studies regarding CNS dysfunction in stuttering, we have examined linguistic and motoric performance in the context of measures of brain function. Previous studies of adults with developmental stuttering identified alterations in brain function (metabolic and electrophysiologic) in cortical regions implicated in models of speech motor control and language processing. We also identified a sub-group of these subjects who exhibited linguistic performance deficits related to speech performance deficits. The present study examined the hypothesis that adults who stutter and who show linguistic performance deficits will also show metabolic alterations in cortical regions classically related to language processing, whereas adults who stutter but who do not show linguistic performance deficits will not show these cortical metabolic alterations. Significant relative blood flow asymmetry (left < right) was observed in middle temporal and inferior frontal cortical regions only for adults who both stuttered and showed linguistic performance deficits. Results support models that explicitly recognize that efficient integration of linguistic, motoric, and cognitive processes is critical to the production of oral/verbal fluency and to understanding sources of fluency failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1221-1228
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Speech and Hearing Research
Volume37
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Cerebrovascular Circulation
Regional Blood Flow
Linguistics
deficit
linguistics
human being
performance
Stuttering
brain
Language
Brain
language
asymmetry
Person
Stutter
Regional Cerebral Blood Flow
Linguistic Performance
Alteration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Watson, B. C., Freeman, F. J., Devous, M. D., Chapman, S. B., Finitzo, T., & Pool, K. D. (1994). Linguistic performance and regional cerebral blood flow in persons who stutter. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 37(6), 1221-1228.

Linguistic performance and regional cerebral blood flow in persons who stutter. / Watson, B. C.; Freeman, F. J.; Devous, M. D.; Chapman, S. B.; Finitzo, T.; Pool, K. D.

In: Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, Vol. 37, No. 6, 1994, p. 1221-1228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Watson, BC, Freeman, FJ, Devous, MD, Chapman, SB, Finitzo, T & Pool, KD 1994, 'Linguistic performance and regional cerebral blood flow in persons who stutter', Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1221-1228.
Watson BC, Freeman FJ, Devous MD, Chapman SB, Finitzo T, Pool KD. Linguistic performance and regional cerebral blood flow in persons who stutter. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research. 1994;37(6):1221-1228.
Watson, B. C. ; Freeman, F. J. ; Devous, M. D. ; Chapman, S. B. ; Finitzo, T. ; Pool, K. D. / Linguistic performance and regional cerebral blood flow in persons who stutter. In: Journal of Speech and Hearing Research. 1994 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 1221-1228.
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