Localization, identification, and excision of murine adipose depots

Adrien Mann, Allie Thompson, Nathan Robbins, Andra L. Blomkalns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obesity has increased dramatically in the last few decades and affects over one third of the adult US population. The economic effect of obesity in 2005 reached a staggering sum of $190.2 billion in direct medical costs alone. Obesity is a major risk factor for a wide host of diseases. Historically, little was known regarding adipose and its major and essential functions in the body. Brown and white adipose are the two main types of adipose but current literature has identified a new type of fat called brite or beige adipose. Research has shown that adipose depots have specific metabolic profiles and certain depots allow for a propensity for obesity and other related disorders. The goal of this protocol is to provide researchers the capacity to identify and excise adipose depots that will allow for the analysis of different factorial effects on adipose; as well as the beneficial or detrimental role adipose plays in disease and overall health. Isolation and excision of adipose depots allows investigators to look at gross morphological changes as well as histological changes. The adipose isolated can also be used for molecular studies to evaluate transcriptional and translational change or for in vitro experimentation to discover targets of interest and mechanisms of action. This technique is superior to other published techniques due to the design allowing for isolation of multiple depots with simplicity and minimal contamination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere52174
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number94
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2014

Keywords

  • Adipose
  • Brown adipose tissue (BAT)
  • Excision
  • Issue 94
  • Medicine
  • Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)
  • Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SQ)
  • Surgical
  • Visceral adipose tissue (VAT)
  • White adipose tissue (WAT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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