Locking in alternate conformations of the integrin αLβ2 I domain with disulfide bonds reveals functional relationships among integrin domains

Chafen Lu, Motomu Shimaoka, Qun Zang, Junichi Takagi, Timothy A. Springer

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We used integrin αLβ2 heterodimers containing I domains locked open (active) or closed (inactive) with disulfide bonds to investigate regulatory interactions among domains in integrins. mAbs to the αL I domain and β2 I-like domain inhibit adhesion of wild-type αLβ2 to intercellular adhesion molecule-1. However, with αLβ2 containing a locked open I domain, mAbs to the I domain were subdivided into subsets (i) that did not inhibit, and thus appear to inhibit by favoring the closed conformation, and (ii) that did inhibit, and thus appear to bind to the ligand binding site. Furthermore, αLβ2 containing a locked open I domain was completely resistant to inhibition by mAbs to the β2 I-like domain, but became fully susceptible to inhibition after disulfide reduction with DTT. This finding suggests that the I-like domain indirectly contributes to ligand binding by regulating opening of the I domain in wild-type αLβ2. Conversely, locking the I domain closed partially restrained conformational change of the I-like domain by Mn2+, as measured with mAb m24, which we map here to the β2 I-like domain. By contrast, locking the I domain closed or open did not affect constitutive or Mn2+-induced exposure of the KIM127 epitope in the β2 stalk region. Furthermore, locked open I domains, in αLβ2 complexes or expressed in isolation on the cell surface, bound to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 equivalently in Mg2+ and Mn2+. These results suggest that Mn2+ activates αLβ2 by binding to a site other than the I domain, most likely the I-like domain of β2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2393-2398
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 27 2001


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