The locus ceruleus (LC) of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) was investigated using the histochemical fluorescence method and Nissl and ammoniacal silver stains. Caudally, a few fluorescent cells were observed in the lateral wall of the ventriculus quartus near the velum medullaris superior. Rostrally, the fluorescent cells were compactly clustered and reached their greatest density medial and, to a lesser extent, lateral to the tractus mesencephalicus n. trigemini at the level of the decussation of the nervus trochlearis. In the most rostral plane, fluorescent cells were more diffusely scattered ventral and medial to the pedunculus cerebellaris superior with a few cells situated near the nervus trochlearis. Nissl staining of tissue previously used for histochemical fluorescence showed that fluorescent cells were largely found in a region labelled LC in two rhesus monkey brain atlases and erroneously labelled nucleus tractus mesencephalicus n. trigemini in one brain atlas. Ammoniacal silver staining resulted in a dense accumulation of silver granules in the cells found to display a positive reaction for monoamines. The silver stains therefore offer an alternative to the histochemical fluorescence method for identifying the monoamine‐containing LC neurons.
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