Long-term comparison of sevelamer hydrochloride to calcium-containing phosphate binders

Ursula C. Brewster, Marc A. Ciampi, Ali K. Abu-Alfa, Robert F. Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), hyperphosphataemia and an elevated calcium-phosphorus (Ca-P) product contribute to morbidity and mortality. Suggested target goals for serum phosphorus concentration and calcium-phosphorus product have recently been lowered. As a result, long-term comparative studies of the efficacy of phosphate binders are critical. This study compares the long-term efficacy of sevelamer hydrochloride to calcium-containing binders (CCB). Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted in 30 patients receiving sevelamer hydrochloride for >1 years and 25 patients receiving CCB. Results: Patients on sevelamer hydrochloride had lower serum bicarbonate concentration than those on CCB, 18.6 ± 2.7 versus 20.3 ± 1.8 mmol/L (P = 0.0017). Serum phosphorus concentration was higher in patients on sevelamer hydrochloride compared to CCB 2.10 ± 0.87 versus 1.74 ± 0.28 mmol/L (P = 0.0013), as was the Ca-P product 4.97 ± 0.94 mmol2/L2 (62.1 ± 11.8 mg2/dL2) versus 3.97 ± 1.18 mmol2/L2 (49.7 ± 14.7 mg2/dL2), P = 0.0009). Only 36% of patients on sevelamer hydrochloride compared with 68% on CCB (P = 0.015) met the serum phosphorus goal of ≤1.78 mmol/L. Conclusion: Patients on sevelamer hydrochloride for >1 years compared to those on CCB had a lower serum bicarbonate concentration, a higher serum phosphorus concentration and a higher Ca-P product. Clinicians should balance the increase in calcium load with CCB versus the cost and effectiveness of sevelamer hydrochloride in choosing a phosphate binder for ESRD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-146
Number of pages5
JournalNephrology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Calcium acetate
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Renal osteodystrophy
  • Serum phosphorus
  • Sevelamer hydrochloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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