Long-Term Outcomes With Ambrisentan Monotherapy in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study evaluated long-term outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) undergoing treatment with ambrisentan monotherapy, a selective oral endothelin-1 receptor antagonist. Methods and Results: Patients who participated in the Ambrisentan in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Efficacy Study (ARIES-1) clinical trial and extension phase at our institution were included. Cardiac catheterization, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), and cardiac magnetic resonance (MRI) data were retrospectively reviewed. Twelve patients with PAH (11 idiopathic, 1 fenfluramine) had follow-up from 3 to 5.5 years from the initiation of ARIES-1. Patients received ambrisentan therapy throughout the study period and were on ambrisentan monotherapy for the first 2 years. At year 1, improvements in median mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PA), cardiac output, and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were seen (P = .02, P = .03, P < .01), and the improvement in PVR persisted at 2 years. 6MWD also improved significantly between baseline (350 m) and 1 and 2 years (397 m, P < .01 and 393 m, P = .01). Cardiac MRI results were more varied, with an increase in RV ejection fraction from 29% at baseline to 46% at 2 years (P = .02), but other MRI variables did not improve. Conclusions: Ambrisentan monotherapy led to improvements in catheterization, 6MWD, and RV ejection fraction, and shows promise as a long-term treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-127
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • 6-minute walk test
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • cardiac MRI
  • right ventricle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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