Purpose: To evaluate the long-term incidence of postoperative posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in children undergoing small incision foldable acrylic lens implantation with at least 2 years of follow up. Methods: In 18 children, 26 eyes underwent small incision cataract extraction with posterior chamber foldable acrylic lens implantation. The posterior capsule was left intact in all patients at the time of surgery. Results: With a mean follow up of 2.75 years and a mean age at surgery of 8.25 years, 13 of 26 eyes (50%) developed visually significant PCO requiring intervention. In the group of children under 4 years of age, 5 of 5 eyes (100%) developed visually significant PCO, while 8 of 21 eyes (38%) in the group of children over 4 years of age developed opacification. Four of 26 eyes (15%) required two procedures (either repeat Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy or pars plana secondary membrane removal) to clear the visual axis. Conclusion: In this study, the incidence of PCO following small incision acrylic lens implantation in children over 4 years of age is lower than those rates reported by conventional large incision rigid lens techniques with a minimum of 2 years follow up. This technique has advantages over conventional techniques in older children because it offers less surgical intervention, a lower cost to patients, and less risk of vitreous and retinal complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health