Loss of heterozygosity predicts poor survival after resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Jan Franko, Alyssa M. Krasinskas, Marina N. Nikiforova, Narcis O. Zarnescu, Kenneth K.W. Lee, Steven J. Hughes, David L. Bartlett, Herbert J. Zeh, A. James Moser

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging for pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a validated predictor of prognosis but insufficiently discriminates postresection survival. We hypothesized that genetic analysis of resected cancers would correlate with tumor biology and postoperative survival. Methods: Resected pancreatic ductal and ampullary adenocarcinomas (n=50) were analyzed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 15 markers including 5q(APC), 6q(TBSP2), 9p(p16), 10q(PTEN), 12q(MDM2), 17p(TP53), and 18q(DCC/SMAD4). KRAS exon 1 mutations were detected by sequencing. The primary endpoint of this interim data analysis was survival at 18 month median follow-up. Results: Negative margins were achieved in 43 (86%) cases. AJCC stage was: Ia/b (3), IIa (16), IIb (31). KRAS mutations were detected in 31 cases (62%) and LOH in 26 (52%) with mean fractional allelic loss score 23±16%. Median survival was significantly shorter with LOH (15.2 months versus not reached; p=0.021) and KRAS mutations (19.6 months versus not reached; p=0.038). Combining KRAS mutation with LOH was a powerful negative predictor in Cox regression (HR=10.6, p=0.006). Stage, nodal and margin status were not predictive of survival. Conclusion: LOH and KRAS mutations indicate aggressive tumor biology and correlate strongly with survival in resected pancreatic ductal and ampullary carcinomas. Genetic analysis may improve risk stratification in future clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1664-1672
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • KRAS
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  • Surgical resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Franko, J., Krasinskas, A. M., Nikiforova, M. N., Zarnescu, N. O., Lee, K. K. W., Hughes, S. J., Bartlett, D. L., Zeh, H. J., & Moser, A. J. (2008). Loss of heterozygosity predicts poor survival after resection of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 12(10), 1664-1672. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-008-0577-9