At approximately 6300 amino acids, very large G-protein-coupled receptor-1 (VLGR1, also termed Mass1) is the largest known cell surface protein. It is expressed at high levels within the embryonic nervous system, especially the ventricular zone. A naturally occurring nonsense mutation in VLGR1, V2250X, is linked with susceptibility to audiogenic seizures in mice. Interpretation of this finding is complicated by the existence of splice and transcriptional variants. We targeted the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of VLGR1, yielding a gene encoding the complete ectodomain of VLGR1 fused to antigenic tags (VLGR/del7TM). Homozygous mutant mice are susceptible to audiogenic seizures. Western blots detect a single very high molecular weight protein in brain extracts from VLGR/del7TM mice. These findings suggest that loss of VLGR1 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains underlies the seizure phenotype in both mutant mouse strains, perhaps by disrupting signals regulating neural development.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology