Low Rates of Hepatitis B Virus Treatment among Treatment-Eligible Patients in Safety-Net Health Systems

Robert J. Wong, Mamta K. Jain, George Therapondos, Bolin Niu, Onkar Kshirsagar, Mae Thamer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Timely initiation of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) reduces risk of disease progression. We evaluate overall treatment rates and predictors of treatment among treatment-eligible safety-net CHB patients. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated adults with CHB from 2010 to 2018 across 4 large safety-net health systems in the United States. CHB was identified with ICD-9/10 diagnosis coding and confirmed with laboratory data. Treatment eligibility was determined using American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guidelines. Comparison of CHB treatment rates among treatment-eligible patients were performed using χ2testing, Kaplan Meier methods and log-rank testing. Adjusted multivariate Cox proportional hazards models evaluated independent predictors of receiving treatment among eligible patients. Results: Among 5157 CHB patients (54.7% male, 34.6% African American, 22.3% Asian), 46.8% were treatment-eligible during the study period. CHB treatment rates were 48.4% overall and 37.3% among CHB patients without human immunodeficiency virus. Significantly lower odds of treatment were observed in females versus males (odds ratio: 0.40, 95% confidence interval: 0.33-0.49, P<0.001) and patients age 65 years or above versus age below 45 years (odds ratio: 0.68, 95% confidence interval: 0.51-0.92, P=0.012). Conversely, significantly greater odds of treatment were observed in African American and Asians versus non-Hispanic whites, CHB patients with indigent care versus commercially insured patients, and non-English speaking versus English speaking patients. Conclusion: Among a large multicentered, safety-net cohort of CHB patients, 46.8% of treatment-eligible CHB patients overall and 37.3% of treatment-eligible CHB patients without human immunodeficiency virus received antiviral therapy. Improving CHB treatment rates among treatment-eligible patients represents "low hanging fruit," given the clear benefits of antiviral therapy in mitigating disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-368
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • antiviral therapy
  • cascade of care
  • hepatitis B virus
  • safety-net
  • treatment eligible

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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