Lower extremity manifestations of Vibrio vulnificus infection

T. J. Laughlin, L. A. Lavery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vibrio vulnificus is a potentially lethal marine bacterium that has not been previously described in podiatric literature. A review of the microorganism's characteristics, susceptible patient population, and lower extremity manifestations of infection is presented. V. vulnificus is found as part of the normal flora of the Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, and Pacific coastal waters and is often isolated from the filter feeding shellfish of these regions. Its pathogenicity is generally reserved for the immunocompromised host, and is specifically related to disease states which exhibit high serum iron levels. V. vulnificus infections present in two distinct clinical syndromes: primary sepsis secondary to raw oyster ingestion, or localized infection from wound exposure to V. vulnificus-inhabited salt water. Both syndromes demonstrate characteristic skin lesions of the trunk and extremities that present as hemorrhagic bullae and progress to necrotic ulcerations. Although V. vulnificus infection is rare, its extreme virulence in patients suffering from a chronic disease process and its manifestation of characteristic lower-extremity lesions require the podiatric physician to be able to recognize and treat such a condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-357
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume34
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Vibrio vulnificus
Lower Extremity
Virulence
Gulf of Mexico
Shellfish
Ostreidae
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Water
Immunocompromised Host
Wound Infection
Blister
Chronic Disease
Extremities
Iron
Salts
Eating
Bacteria
Physicians
Skin
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Lower extremity manifestations of Vibrio vulnificus infection. / Laughlin, T. J.; Lavery, L. A.

In: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol. 34, No. 4, 1995, p. 354-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{480cf9a04b96464cb0223c3cecdb6d3f,
title = "Lower extremity manifestations of Vibrio vulnificus infection",
abstract = "Vibrio vulnificus is a potentially lethal marine bacterium that has not been previously described in podiatric literature. A review of the microorganism's characteristics, susceptible patient population, and lower extremity manifestations of infection is presented. V. vulnificus is found as part of the normal flora of the Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, and Pacific coastal waters and is often isolated from the filter feeding shellfish of these regions. Its pathogenicity is generally reserved for the immunocompromised host, and is specifically related to disease states which exhibit high serum iron levels. V. vulnificus infections present in two distinct clinical syndromes: primary sepsis secondary to raw oyster ingestion, or localized infection from wound exposure to V. vulnificus-inhabited salt water. Both syndromes demonstrate characteristic skin lesions of the trunk and extremities that present as hemorrhagic bullae and progress to necrotic ulcerations. Although V. vulnificus infection is rare, its extreme virulence in patients suffering from a chronic disease process and its manifestation of characteristic lower-extremity lesions require the podiatric physician to be able to recognize and treat such a condition.",
author = "Laughlin, {T. J.} and Lavery, {L. A.}",
year = "1995",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "354--357",
journal = "Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery",
issn = "1067-2516",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lower extremity manifestations of Vibrio vulnificus infection

AU - Laughlin, T. J.

AU - Lavery, L. A.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Vibrio vulnificus is a potentially lethal marine bacterium that has not been previously described in podiatric literature. A review of the microorganism's characteristics, susceptible patient population, and lower extremity manifestations of infection is presented. V. vulnificus is found as part of the normal flora of the Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, and Pacific coastal waters and is often isolated from the filter feeding shellfish of these regions. Its pathogenicity is generally reserved for the immunocompromised host, and is specifically related to disease states which exhibit high serum iron levels. V. vulnificus infections present in two distinct clinical syndromes: primary sepsis secondary to raw oyster ingestion, or localized infection from wound exposure to V. vulnificus-inhabited salt water. Both syndromes demonstrate characteristic skin lesions of the trunk and extremities that present as hemorrhagic bullae and progress to necrotic ulcerations. Although V. vulnificus infection is rare, its extreme virulence in patients suffering from a chronic disease process and its manifestation of characteristic lower-extremity lesions require the podiatric physician to be able to recognize and treat such a condition.

AB - Vibrio vulnificus is a potentially lethal marine bacterium that has not been previously described in podiatric literature. A review of the microorganism's characteristics, susceptible patient population, and lower extremity manifestations of infection is presented. V. vulnificus is found as part of the normal flora of the Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, and Pacific coastal waters and is often isolated from the filter feeding shellfish of these regions. Its pathogenicity is generally reserved for the immunocompromised host, and is specifically related to disease states which exhibit high serum iron levels. V. vulnificus infections present in two distinct clinical syndromes: primary sepsis secondary to raw oyster ingestion, or localized infection from wound exposure to V. vulnificus-inhabited salt water. Both syndromes demonstrate characteristic skin lesions of the trunk and extremities that present as hemorrhagic bullae and progress to necrotic ulcerations. Although V. vulnificus infection is rare, its extreme virulence in patients suffering from a chronic disease process and its manifestation of characteristic lower-extremity lesions require the podiatric physician to be able to recognize and treat such a condition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029126625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029126625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 7488992

AN - SCOPUS:0029126625

VL - 34

SP - 354

EP - 357

JO - Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery

JF - Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery

SN - 1067-2516

IS - 4

ER -