In addition to testosterone (T), the emerging role of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) in pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been noted recently. However, reports of associations with serum adipocytokine levels are still limited. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate whether serum T and SHBG levels are independent predictors for the risk of MetS that are associated with adiponectin and leptin levels in 614 Taiwanese men over 40 years old collected from a free health screening. Subjects in the lowest quartile of TT and SHBG levels are exposed to a 1.58 and 3.22 times risk of developing MetS, as compared to those in the highest quartile of TT and SHBG levels. However, SHBG retains its significance independent of TT as a MetS risk predictor, but not vice versa. In addition, SHBG was significantly correlated with both adiponectin and leptin levels even after adjusting for TT levels. In conclusion, SHBG served as a major predictor for the risk of MetS and was correlated with serum adiponectin and leptin levels that are independent of T. Further studies are needed to elucidate the true role of SHBG in the pathogenesis of MetS and possible mechanisms associated with serum adiponectin and leptin levels.
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