Comprehensive clinical, pathological, and molecular data, when appropriately integrated with advanced computational approaches, are transforming the way we characterize and study lung cancer. Clinically, cancer registry and publicly available historical clinical trial data enable retrospective analyses to examine how socioeconomic factors, patient demographics, and cancer characteristics affect treatment and outcome. Pathologically, digital pathology and artificial intelligence are revolutionizing histopathological image analyses, not only with improved efficiency and accuracy, but also by extracting additional information for prognostication and tumor microenvironment characterization. Genetically and molecularly, individual patient tumors and preclinical models of lung cancer are profiled by various high-throughput platforms to characterize the molecular properties and functional liabilities. The resulting multi-omics data sets and their interrogation facilitate both basic research mechanistic studies and translation of the findings into the clinic. In this review, we provide a list of resources and tools potentially valuable for lung cancer basic and translational research. Importantly, we point out pitfalls and caveats when performing computational analyses of these data sets and provide a vision of future computational biology developments that will aid lung cancer translational research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)