Major depressive disorder and comorbid cardiac disease: Is there a depressive subtype with greater cardiovascular morbidity? Results from the STAR*D study

Renerio Fraguas, Dan V. Iosifescu, Jonathan Alpert, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Jennifer L. Barkin, Madhukar H. Trivedi, A. John Rush, Maurizio Fava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations


The authors conducted exploratory analyses to determine whether specific symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) are associated with cardiac disease in 4,041 outpatients at baseline in the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) study. MDD was diagnosed with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition; depressive symptoms were evaluated with the 30-item Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Clinician-Rated; and cardiac disease, with the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale. After adjustments for gender, age, ethnicity, education, and employment status, sympathetic arousal and early-morning insomnia were significantly associated with cardiac disease. Prospective studies are warranted to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-425
Number of pages8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

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