Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

David W. Roberts, Jason W. Savage, Daniel G. Schwartz, Leah Y. Carreon, Daniel J. Sucato, James O. Sanders, Benjamin Stephens Richards, Lawrence G. Lenke, John B. Emans, Stefan Parent, John F. Sarwark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design. Longitudinal cohort study. Objective. To compare functional outcomes between male and female patients before and after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Summary of Background Data. There is no clear consensus in the existing literature with respect to sex differences in functional outcomes in the surgical treatment of AIS. Methods. A prospective, consecutive, multicenter database of patients who underwent surgical correction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was analyzed retrospectively. All patients completed Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) questionnaires before and 2 years after surgery. Patients with previous spine surgery were excluded. Data were collected for sex, age, Risser grade, previous bracing history, maximum preoperative Cobb angle, curve correction at 2 years, and SRS-30 domain scores. Paired sample t tests were used to compare preoperative and postoperative scores within each sex. Independent sample t tests were used to compare scores between sexes. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results. Seven hundred forty-four patients (621 females and 123 males) were included. On average, males were 1 year older than females. There were no differences between sexes in Risser grade, bracing history, maximum curve magnitude, or correction after surgery. Both males and females had similar improvement in all SRS-30 domains after surgery. Self-image/appearance had the greatest relative improvement. Males had better self-image/appearance scores preoperatively, better pain scores at 2 years, and better mental health and total scores both preoperatively and at 2 years. Both males and females were similarly satisfied with surgery. Conclusions. Males treated with surgery for AIS report better preoperative self-image, less postoperative pain, and better mental health than females. These differences may be clinically significant. For both males and females, the most beneficial effect of surgery is improved self-image/ appearance. Overall, the benefits of surgery for AIS are similar for both sexes. LEVEL of EVIDENCE: Level II

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSpine
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Fingerprint

Scoliosis
Research
Sex Characteristics
Mental Health
History
Postoperative Pain
Longitudinal Studies
Consensus
Spine
Cohort Studies
Databases
Pain

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • functional outcomes
  • males versus females
  • sex
  • surgical treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Roberts, D. W., Savage, J. W., Schwartz, D. G., Carreon, L. Y., Sucato, D. J., Sanders, J. O., ... Sarwark, J. F. (2011). Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, 36(1). https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181ef9efc

Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. / Roberts, David W.; Savage, Jason W.; Schwartz, Daniel G.; Carreon, Leah Y.; Sucato, Daniel J.; Sanders, James O.; Richards, Benjamin Stephens; Lenke, Lawrence G.; Emans, John B.; Parent, Stefan; Sarwark, John F.

In: Spine, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.01.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roberts, DW, Savage, JW, Schwartz, DG, Carreon, LY, Sucato, DJ, Sanders, JO, Richards, BS, Lenke, LG, Emans, JB, Parent, S & Sarwark, JF 2011, 'Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis', Spine, vol. 36, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181ef9efc
Roberts, David W. ; Savage, Jason W. ; Schwartz, Daniel G. ; Carreon, Leah Y. ; Sucato, Daniel J. ; Sanders, James O. ; Richards, Benjamin Stephens ; Lenke, Lawrence G. ; Emans, John B. ; Parent, Stefan ; Sarwark, John F. / Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. In: Spine. 2011 ; Vol. 36, No. 1.
@article{5cf13619b9e44dc8ad9f78f3b2132444,
title = "Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis",
abstract = "Study Design. Longitudinal cohort study. Objective. To compare functional outcomes between male and female patients before and after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Summary of Background Data. There is no clear consensus in the existing literature with respect to sex differences in functional outcomes in the surgical treatment of AIS. Methods. A prospective, consecutive, multicenter database of patients who underwent surgical correction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was analyzed retrospectively. All patients completed Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) questionnaires before and 2 years after surgery. Patients with previous spine surgery were excluded. Data were collected for sex, age, Risser grade, previous bracing history, maximum preoperative Cobb angle, curve correction at 2 years, and SRS-30 domain scores. Paired sample t tests were used to compare preoperative and postoperative scores within each sex. Independent sample t tests were used to compare scores between sexes. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results. Seven hundred forty-four patients (621 females and 123 males) were included. On average, males were 1 year older than females. There were no differences between sexes in Risser grade, bracing history, maximum curve magnitude, or correction after surgery. Both males and females had similar improvement in all SRS-30 domains after surgery. Self-image/appearance had the greatest relative improvement. Males had better self-image/appearance scores preoperatively, better pain scores at 2 years, and better mental health and total scores both preoperatively and at 2 years. Both males and females were similarly satisfied with surgery. Conclusions. Males treated with surgery for AIS report better preoperative self-image, less postoperative pain, and better mental health than females. These differences may be clinically significant. For both males and females, the most beneficial effect of surgery is improved self-image/ appearance. Overall, the benefits of surgery for AIS are similar for both sexes. LEVEL of EVIDENCE: Level II",
keywords = "Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, functional outcomes, males versus females, sex, surgical treatment",
author = "Roberts, {David W.} and Savage, {Jason W.} and Schwartz, {Daniel G.} and Carreon, {Leah Y.} and Sucato, {Daniel J.} and Sanders, {James O.} and Richards, {Benjamin Stephens} and Lenke, {Lawrence G.} and Emans, {John B.} and Stefan Parent and Sarwark, {John F.}",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181ef9efc",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
journal = "Spine",
issn = "0362-2436",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Male-female differences in scoliosis research society-30 scores in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

AU - Roberts, David W.

AU - Savage, Jason W.

AU - Schwartz, Daniel G.

AU - Carreon, Leah Y.

AU - Sucato, Daniel J.

AU - Sanders, James O.

AU - Richards, Benjamin Stephens

AU - Lenke, Lawrence G.

AU - Emans, John B.

AU - Parent, Stefan

AU - Sarwark, John F.

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - Study Design. Longitudinal cohort study. Objective. To compare functional outcomes between male and female patients before and after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Summary of Background Data. There is no clear consensus in the existing literature with respect to sex differences in functional outcomes in the surgical treatment of AIS. Methods. A prospective, consecutive, multicenter database of patients who underwent surgical correction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was analyzed retrospectively. All patients completed Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) questionnaires before and 2 years after surgery. Patients with previous spine surgery were excluded. Data were collected for sex, age, Risser grade, previous bracing history, maximum preoperative Cobb angle, curve correction at 2 years, and SRS-30 domain scores. Paired sample t tests were used to compare preoperative and postoperative scores within each sex. Independent sample t tests were used to compare scores between sexes. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results. Seven hundred forty-four patients (621 females and 123 males) were included. On average, males were 1 year older than females. There were no differences between sexes in Risser grade, bracing history, maximum curve magnitude, or correction after surgery. Both males and females had similar improvement in all SRS-30 domains after surgery. Self-image/appearance had the greatest relative improvement. Males had better self-image/appearance scores preoperatively, better pain scores at 2 years, and better mental health and total scores both preoperatively and at 2 years. Both males and females were similarly satisfied with surgery. Conclusions. Males treated with surgery for AIS report better preoperative self-image, less postoperative pain, and better mental health than females. These differences may be clinically significant. For both males and females, the most beneficial effect of surgery is improved self-image/ appearance. Overall, the benefits of surgery for AIS are similar for both sexes. LEVEL of EVIDENCE: Level II

AB - Study Design. Longitudinal cohort study. Objective. To compare functional outcomes between male and female patients before and after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Summary of Background Data. There is no clear consensus in the existing literature with respect to sex differences in functional outcomes in the surgical treatment of AIS. Methods. A prospective, consecutive, multicenter database of patients who underwent surgical correction for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis was analyzed retrospectively. All patients completed Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) questionnaires before and 2 years after surgery. Patients with previous spine surgery were excluded. Data were collected for sex, age, Risser grade, previous bracing history, maximum preoperative Cobb angle, curve correction at 2 years, and SRS-30 domain scores. Paired sample t tests were used to compare preoperative and postoperative scores within each sex. Independent sample t tests were used to compare scores between sexes. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results. Seven hundred forty-four patients (621 females and 123 males) were included. On average, males were 1 year older than females. There were no differences between sexes in Risser grade, bracing history, maximum curve magnitude, or correction after surgery. Both males and females had similar improvement in all SRS-30 domains after surgery. Self-image/appearance had the greatest relative improvement. Males had better self-image/appearance scores preoperatively, better pain scores at 2 years, and better mental health and total scores both preoperatively and at 2 years. Both males and females were similarly satisfied with surgery. Conclusions. Males treated with surgery for AIS report better preoperative self-image, less postoperative pain, and better mental health than females. These differences may be clinically significant. For both males and females, the most beneficial effect of surgery is improved self-image/ appearance. Overall, the benefits of surgery for AIS are similar for both sexes. LEVEL of EVIDENCE: Level II

KW - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

KW - functional outcomes

KW - males versus females

KW - sex

KW - surgical treatment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78751607009&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78751607009&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181ef9efc

DO - 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181ef9efc

M3 - Article

C2 - 21192215

AN - SCOPUS:78751607009

VL - 36

JO - Spine

JF - Spine

SN - 0362-2436

IS - 1

ER -