Vascular malformations and tumors, also known as “vascular anomalies” comprise an extensive variety of lesions involving all parts of the body. Knowledge of their classification and imaging characteristics is paramount. Whereas hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors, characterized by cellular proliferation and hyperplasia; vascular malformations are not real tumors and characteristically exhibit normal endothelial turnover. Vascular malformations are classified according to the predominant vascular channel as arterial, capillary, venous, lymphatic, or mixed. Ultrasound and MRI are the main imaging modalities used in the diagnosis and classification of the vascular anomalies. In this series of two articles we review the classification of vascular anomalies, describe the role of imaging, summarize their distinctive histopathogenic, clinical and imaging features, and discuss the treatment options. On the first article we discuss the high-flow lesions, whereas the slow-flow lesions will be reviewed on the second. Complex syndromes with associated vascular tumors and malformations will be also presented.
|Translated title of the contribution||Soft-tissue vascular malformations and tumors. Part 1: classification, role of imaging and high-flow lesions|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2019|
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Vascular malformation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging